In: WZB-Mitteilungen, H. 148, 2015, 17-19.
UN peace operations are an important instrument of the international community to protect civilians. Nevertheless, human rights violations committed in the course of these operations have raised great concern. Drawing from an analysis of the operations in Afghanistan, Bosnia and Kosovo, this article demonstrates how third parties, for example regional organizations, non-governmental organizations, courts and national actors, set standards for behavior in peace operations, monitor compliance and enact sanctions if they are violated. This pluralist accountability is crucial for the legitimacy of UN operations, despite the fact that the UN Security Council, the Secretariat and individual states remain responsible for human rights protection.